Is COVID-19 Transformed from Bat? | Quick Facts About COVID-19
There is a lot of debate about whether the corona virus is a bacterial weapon made in a lab or a virus that spreads naturally from bats.
There is no strong evidence or research on the corona virus being man-made. However, a research article was published online in the journal Science Advances on May 29 about the adaptation of corona virus from bats that can infect humans.
The research team at Duke University Medical Center analyzed the genetics and showed in the article that a virus very close to the corona virus that attacks human cells can also infect bats.
However, do not make a home in the human body in one jump from the bat. That is why Corona has to go through a complex and changing path. Sometimes he may have had to take refuge in some more different animal cells.
Bats are thought to be naturally carriers of Ebola, rabies, SARS and Mars viruses. Of these, SARS and Mars coronavirus have now appeared in Uhan in the same form. During the outbreak of the SARS virus in 2003, a cat-like animal was found to be involved.
And in the body of this animal, the virus is spread through bats. In some Asian countries, the meat is eaten to look like a cat. Camels were also the source of the Mars virus, which spread to the Middle East in the 2000s.
Scientists call this type of virus contagious; Which is transferred from animals to the human body. Nipah virus causes a variety of symptoms, including encephalitis; Which is transmitted through date juice through the urine or saliva of bats. The virus is spread in the human body by drinking the juice of the infected date.
Virologist at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College, London. Stathis Geotis said the involvement of bats with the new coronavirus did not come as a surprise to virologists working with the bat-borne virus. He said bats are considered an important base for the birth and reproduction of viruses with the possibility of infection.
Scientist Geotis said the virus is likely to spread from horse species to bats among different species of bats in China.
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is responsible for Covid-19 disease. In the scientific classification it belongs to the genus Beta corona virus.
Their genetic makeup has a lot in common with the novel corona virus. But subtle genetic analysis has shown that there are many differences between these similarities.
The difference is somewhat less with the pangolin found in China or the corona virus living in Bonrui. The genetic similarity of SARS-CoV-2 virus with the corona virus of the body of Banrui living in Guangdong province in China has been found to be 91.2%! But isn’t it the bats, the novel corona virus that has spread to people from Banrui?
The research paper did not actually prove anything like that. However, some surprising information has been revealed.
For example, none of the viruses that attack bats near SARS-CoV-2 are capable of infecting humans with E. coli.
They had to change themselves by attacking another animal from a bat. In this way, by attacking different species of animals and changing themselves, they have finally been able to take refuge in human cells.
Scientists now want to know which animals other than bats have been used as hosts by the virus. The virus is not a single entity.
To survive, he must take refuge in another cell. Getting into a cell is not a straightforward task. The virus contains spike proteins like thorns.
Any protein in the cell wall must be attached to the spike protein. Only then will the virus be able to attack the cells.
The spike protein of the virus acts like a key in this task, like unlocking with a key.
Because the proteins in the cell wall of different animals vary, when the virus invades new cells, its spike proteins change in such a way that they can easily attach to the proteins in the cell wall and enter.
A part of the spike protein of the corona virus that has invaded Banrui has also been found in the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus that has invaded humans.
The part is essential for infecting the human cell. This is why the SARS-CoV-2 virus can be called a hybrid version of the viruses found in bats and wild boar. He had to change by attacking different animals before attacking humans.
Although there is disagreement among many scientists as to whether Banrui really had a role in this history of evolution of the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
However, confirming a host between a bat and a human gives an idea of how the corona virus can transform itself, which will be useful in developing effective vaccines.
It can also be understood from humans whether it is possible to spread it to any other animal. We must stay as far away from the wild as possible until we know for sure.
Because it has been proven by research that wild animals like bats or wild boar are used as hosts by viruses like corona virus.
Tasteless odor in corona virus infections
Surely you have heard of cough, fever, shortness of breath, body aches and sore throat as well as loss of taste and smell as symptoms of Covid-19 disease?
Honestly, a little too much is being heard about it. In the case of asymptomatic or mild patients with corona virus, a number of organizations, including CDC in the United States and ENT-UK in the United Kingdom, have included sudden loss of taste and odor as diagnostic criteria.
There is a reason behind this. Research evidence is available from different countries. A recent study based on data from ten such studies found that more than half of the 1,600 coronary artery disease patients had lost their sense of smell, and 44 percent had lost their appetite.
This problem has also been found in 86% of patients using precise olfactory measurements. Studies by Italian scientists have shown that young people and women are more likely to have a loss of taste and smell than patients treated in a hospital.
The sense of taste and smell is the result of various chemical reactions that take place in our body. There are special nerve cells behind our nostrils to smell. These are called olfactory receptors.
Rancid synthetic concoctions are made by imparting signs to our mind through these sensor cells. Also, there is a unique kind of test bud inside our tongue or mouth for taste. These test buds give us a sentiment of sweet, pungent, harsh and unpleasant taste.
Not just that, during biting, the smell of food experiences the mouthpiece to the olfactory receptor cells. From this we get the smell of food.
The genuine taste of food is found in the mix of the movement of testbud and olfactory cells. Subsequently, if for reasons unknown the feeling of smell vanishes, the flavor of food may likewise vanish.
It is felt that the disease of Covid-19 was not because of our test buds yet to the issue of the olfactory framework which is really answerable for the taste and scentlessness.
There are epithelial cells in the mass of the nasal pit. So that there are a lot increasingly ACE-2 receptors. Also, this receptor helps the Covid-19 infection.
This permits the infection to infiltrate and cause broad cell harm, even obliteration. The infection additionally imitates inside the cell.
Subsequently, the olfactory receptor neurons in the nasal cavity are harmed, and our feeling of smell is harmed.
There are various reasons why individuals may lose their feeling of taste and smell, yet during this scourge of crown infection, in the event that somebody out of nowhere loses their feeling of taste and smell, regardless of whether they have different side effects or not, they need to view themselves as possibly tainted crown.
In the event that conceivable, RT-PCR test ought to be finished. You should isolate yourself. In the event that different side effects of the infection show up or the condition exacerbates, the essential treatment ought to be taken at the medical clinic.
Despite the fact that there is no particular treatment for crown infection. In the event that the dullness is drawn out, other adjuvant medicines can be taken according to the counsel of the specialist.
The crown infection has removed a great deal from us. Chuckling, satisfaction, life and occupation. It is removing our taste and smell.
Be that as it may, this dullness is transitory. On the off chance that the patient’s different side effects are not extreme or the condition doesn’t break down, it is bound to come back to ordinary taste and smell inside about fourteen days.